The gender and social inclusion approach in Compact II projects

The Compact aims at promoting sustainable and inclusive economic growth and thus pays particular attention to the integration of gender and social inclusion (GIS) considerations in its various projects.

In accordance with MCC's gender policy and gender integration guidelines, MCA-Morocco has adopted a Gender and Social Inclusion Action Plan (PAGIS) that reflects its commitment to promote social inclusion and gender equality from the design through the implementation of Compact projects. The PAGIS takes into account the results of the analysis of constraints to economic growth carried out by the Moroccan government and MCC in collaboration with the African Development Bank. This analysis identified the poor quality of human capital and its inadequacy with the needs of businesses and difficult access for investors to land among the major constraints upon which it was agreed to address under the Compact in order to promote inclusive and poverty-reducing growth. As such, the PAGIS defines concrete actions, objectives and indicators to ensure that socio-economic constraints that may affect the full participation of populations and their access to the benefits of the Compact projects are mitigated. It also identifies additional opportunities to ensure inclusive participation.

The PAGIS is a reference document intended for the various Compact implementation structures (MCA-Morocco, Project Management Units, contractors and consultants) and their partners in order for them to fully integrate gender and social inclusion considerations both at the organizational and institutional level, as well as at the project planning, programming, coordination, monitoring and evaluation stage.

PAGIS makes it possible to:

1. Define GSI objectives for the various projects and activities of the Compact in terms of gender and social inclusion;

2. Structure planned actions and related deadlines, as well as relevant indicators for measuring progress made by achieving the expected GSI objectives.

The PAGIS is currently being updated in consultation with all stakeholders. Its new version will be published as soon as it is finalized.

Some examples: Implementation of the Gender and Social Inclusion (GSI) approach in Compact projects

Taking gender and social inclusion considerations into account in Compact activities is reflected in the design and implementation of activities integrated into projects following the PAGIS stated objectives. Below are some examples illustrating this approach:

Inclusive and gender-responsive school infrastructure: As part of the rehabilitation of 90 schools targeted by the Compact, MCA-Morocco carried out a preliminary gender and social inclusion analysis of all the schools’ facilities (sanitary, accessibility, design, and distribution of common spaces) in relation to their use by the different groups: girls and boys, women and men, and people with disabilities. Ongoing rehabilitations will meet the various needs of students and help ensure an effective learning environment for girls, boys and children with disabilities.

An Integrated School Project (ISP) developed according to an inclusive and gender sensitive process: The ISP is placed at the heart of the new model for improving schools targeted by the "Secondary Education Activity. In order to take into consideration the needs and concerns of the entire community, MCA-Morocco piloted a process for the development and implementation of ISPs within the targeted schools. This process was marked by the participation of various internal and external stakeholders: girls and boys, parents of students (mothers and fathers), teachers, representatives of civil society and the private sector, as well as local authorities.


Institutionalization of GSI approach in the TVET sector: As part of the support provided by MCA-Morocco for the operationalization of the reform of vocational training, the improvement of governance and coordination of gender and social inclusion in the TVET sector represents one of the main axes of this technical assistance. In fact, MCA-Morocco supports the Department in charge of vocational training in strengthening the institutional and organizational design of the vocational training system in terms of social and gender inclusion. This is being done while taking into account the context and institutional achievements, on the one hand, and lessons learned from international best practices, on the other.


The “Professional Equality Trophy”: As part of the implementation of the “Employment Activity, MCA-Morocco carried out an assessment of the state of gender equality in the workplace in Morocco, in close collaboration with the Ministry of Labor and Professional Integration. This task made it possible to define the outlines of the technical assistance to be provided to the Ministry in order to promote gender equity in the workplace. This was achieved on the light of the results of the situation analysis, best practices at the national and international level and needs expressed by various stakeholders. Following this, MCA-Morocco supports the Ministry in improving the “Professional Equality Trophy” implementation process, an initiative launched in 2016, in order to make of it an efficient and effective tool for promoting gender equality in the workplace and contributing to women’s access to and retention in the workplace.


A gender-responsive Melkization procedure: As part of the Melkization project of 66,000 hectares of collective land in the irrigated sector of the Gharb and Haouz regions, MCA-Morocco has set up a communication and an awareness raising planto inform the entire project target population on the process of implementing the Melkization procedure, while guaranteeing them the right to express themselves and to be heard. At the same time, women's access to land will be further strengthened through support to registered female right holders throughout the process until their land titles are established.


Accompanying measures promoting women and youth empowerment: In parallel with the Melkization procedure, MCA-Morocco will implement a number of accompanying measures to ensure better agricultural development of land and guarantee inclusive development of the target population by promoting their qualification and empowerment. These measures include facilitating access to bank loans, strengthening the technical and professional capacities of farmers, and developing income-generating and employment-generating activities in particular for women and youth.


Sustainable and inclusive industrial zones: MCA-Morocco encourages initiatives that promote an environment adapted to the concerns of companies and their employees (women and men), by offering sustainable  social infrastructures and favorable working conditions in order to retain women and vulnerable populations in these industrial sites. This is done through the creation and rehabilitation of three demonstration sites, and the implementation of the Sustainable Industrial Zones Fund (FONZID) to support private and  public initiatives in improving the governance and economic/environmental/social sustainability of existing and new industrial areas.